Most people assume that masonry made its appearance a few centuries ago at most but as strange as it may sound, Massachusetts stone masonry was a wildly used prehistoric construction technique. Ancient civilizations such as the Egyptians eventually made the transition from working with wood to stone masonry and this is obvious if we analyze the way they have used their existing carpentry knowledge during this transition.
Throughout history, change has been the only constant. Based on objective factors and historic contexts, some civilizations made large-scale transitions from wood later than others. When it comes to Europe, large-scale transitions were ultimately made in the 16th century. In 1666, the great fire of London, England, which consumed 13,200 homes, changed the city from a city of wooden buildings to a city of brick construction. The manufacture of brick attained a high degree of excellence and dominated the building field throughout this period of history.
On the other hand, the first bricks manufactured in the English colonies in North America were reportedly made in Virginia as early as 1612. New England saw its first brick kiln erected in Salem, Massachusetts in 1629. The brick were made by hand using very simple methods and tools. Many of the brick used in construction in the early American settlements were brought from England as ballast in sailing ships. Some of these brick can still be found in the brick foundations and walls of the remaining original houses in the eastern part of the United States.
Many of these original homes still stand today, along with their chimneys. Back then, clay flue tiles had not yet been invented, so these chimneys were built with chambers made of brick instead of flue pipes. Often when a call comes in for a Littleton ma chimney repair the chimney needs a repoint or crown replacement.